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Knowledge constitutes justified, true belief and as such the path to knowledge necessarily begins with a belief (which is then determined by reason and evidence to be justified according to an assumption of truth). This ability to form beliefs is owed to our imaginative faculty, and every attempt to construct knowledge, to “build a coherent theory about reality is an act of imagination.” As truth is the passive a priori condition of knowledge — that is ‘if there is no such thing as truth, then there can be no knowledge’[1] — belief is its active counterpart, from which we start…

Auguste Rodin’s 1902 sculpture, “The Thinker”

Colloquially, we tend to associate imagination with the creative and artistic faculty, but for our philosophical forebearers, imagination was understood as phantasia, which carries a different connotation but which has nonetheless helped inform “modern understandings of imagination”. Phantasia is the mind’s “ability to produce mental images” which allows for a “mediation between aesthesis (sense-perception) and dianoia (discursive thought)”. Imagination was further broken down in the Platonian conception as having a lower and higher form, roughly associated with the realm of the senses and the realm of the intellect. …

Screenshot from the film The Knowing

There is a spirit at work in the evolution of the world, egging humanity onward towards its full unfolding. Like a sculpture half done, we are on a journey towards our completion through a process that is “completing itself through its own development”, and only “at the end” do we find that which we are in truth.

Life unfolds into its potentiality as spirit grows up with man, and through each turn of this dialectic spirit, man is prodded into deeper and clearer understanding. Through gradual quantitative growth and through qualitative leaps “spirit ripens slowly and quietly into its new…

When we talk about the individual in relation to the human world, we mean to say that which has fundamental existence, and which produces the world that they find themselves in — though the created world then has the power to ‘act back upon’ its creators.[1] The human world — society, culture, and all the ‘extensions of man’[2] — exists squarely on the shoulder of the individual. There is no other foundation.

That is not to say though that individuals exist as purely atomized beings in obligatory cohort with others — but assuming a fundamental reality that is neither undifferentiated…

When big tech, media, and politics make their bed together, the only baby that could result from this, would be a chubby little monstrosity.

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People cheered when those with ‘problematic’ viewpoints were cancelled by the ‘woke’ mob. People cheered when content was restricted, users deplatformed, and sites taken offline by tech oligarchies. People cheered for the total hypocrisy displayed by the media industry. Of course, only certain views were cancelled, only certain information was restricted, only certain agendas promoted.

But do they know who controls these idols they so thunderously applaud? Because it certainly isn’t them. Empowered by a sense of belonging to a moral majority, and an illusion of majority rule, they do not realize that ‘we the people’ are not the ones…

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An Indian seeker on a journey to discover the truth was confronted by a vision of a great goddess with her legs parted, and birthing from herself all manner of animals and peoples. He witnessed to his horror as she reached down to grab those she had birthed, and brought them up, struggling, one by one or by handfuls at a time, and consumed them, with the blood running down her chin. He turned away in anger and disgust, with tears in his eyes, at the truth of life so brutally shown to him.

We have avoided this confrontation, not…

We are engaged in a struggle over the meaning, the narrative, the very definition of reality itself — and not just the reality of the world outside of us, but the reality of the individual, of what it means to be human.

On the one hand, it is an ideological struggle over the reality narrative; over the individual and collective psychological and mental structures we can call the world. …

Transcending the Judgment of our Past

Underneath the familiarity of our conscious lives, a maddening current swells. Those who say they are liberated from the superstitions of the past, from the fantastical myths and uncritical dogmas of their forefathers, kid themselves. Victims of our own self-enlightenment, we cannot see that we have not yet transcended our history.[1]

We are tethered to a certain primitive force, which nonetheless holds sway over us. In the west, we have called this judgment; in the east, karma. Judgment — upon the back of which is carried shame and guilt — was a necessary condition for the birth of civilization; necessary…

Paradoxical thinking is the practice or the ability to suspend automatic judgment, to tolerate seemingly opposed ideas — like a mental warrior holding together two repelling ideas without being torn apart — and through this, to awaken a transcendental understanding.

Paradoxical thought is a notion that can be found among philosophical and mystical literature of the east and west as generally a method of bringing together opposing views in order to arrive at a higher level concept — in the way of a new state of thinking, or a new state of being.[1] In the manner of Hegelian and Janusian[2]

The Great Revealer of Life

William Blake. “Moses Erecting the Brazen Serpent”.

To Freud, the creatureliness of the human individual is rooted in their desire for pleasure, predominantly sexual pleasure (the life impulse). This framework was expanded to address the pesky problem of death by including the individual’s desire for death (the death impulse). Therefore, the fundamental driver of the human condition to the psychoanalytical project was seen as instinctual desires (towards life or death) in the face of repression (particularly, societal repression).

This was opposed by certain existentialists, such as Becker, (and more recently by Terror Management Theory), who saw fear of death as the fundamental human drive. (To put this…


A Curious Mind in Search of Meaning ~ BA in Communication, MA in Global Affairs, pursuing a Phd in Philosophy

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